Pseudocarcharias kamoharai

(MATSUBARA, 1936)


Crocodile shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Pseudocarchariidae

Reference of the original description
MATSUBARA, K. (1936)
A new carcharoid shark found in Japan. Dobutsugaku Zasshi, 48 (7): 380–382

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus kamoharai, Carcharias kamoharai, Carcharias yangi, Carcharias (Pseudocarcharias) pelagicus, Odontaspis kamoharai, Pseudocarcharias cf. kamoharai, Pseudocarcharias pelagicus, Pseudocarcharias yangi

Types
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai
Holotype: FAKU: 1823 (apparently lost)
Carcharias yangi
Holotype: TFRI: 2895
Carcharias (Pseudocarcharias) pelagicus
Holotype: MNHN: 1963-0001


Description :


Citation: Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (MATSUBARA, 1936): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2018

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Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (MATSUBARA, 1936), © Randall, J.E., www.fish-base.org
Common names
spa Tiburón cocodrilo, fra \(T\) Requin crocodile, fra \(T\) Requin-crocodile, eng Crocodile shark, eng Japanese ragged-tooth shark, eng Kamohara´s sand-shark, eng Water crocodile

Short Description
A medium-sized spindle-shaped shark with very large eyes lacking a nictitating membrane, long gill slits extending onto dorsal surface of head, lanceolate teeth, weak keel and precaudal pits on caudal peduncle [1388] [531]. Small and low dorsal fins, with second dorsal fin less than half the size of the first but larger than the anal fin [1388]. Pectoral fin broad and rounded [1388]. Light or dark grey above, paler below, fins white-edged, sometimes with small white spots on body and a white blotch between mouth and gill slits [544].

Distribution
Tropical and subtropical waters of all oceans.
First record: [159] off Peru, adult male, 830 mm TL, 17°39’S, 71°21’O;
[1484] 960 km off the coast of western Baja California, Mexico LACM 45857-1, 996 mm TL, female, 22 February, 1994;
[2295] caught on the Three Kings Rise, north-east of the Three Kings Islands, New Zealand (32°14.0'S, 172°15.7'), ENMNZ P.37246, male, 1096 mm total length, surface longline set at 120-220 m depth, F.V. Hoshin 58, Ministry of Fisheries observer trip number 1344, set #66; 8 June 2000;
[13522] off northern Chile (22°06´20´´S, 83°32´00´´W), MNHNC P. 7293, female, 920 mm TL, 26.04.2005;
[19673] south-western coast of India (Kerala), by-catch of a deep-water shrimp trawler operated off Cochin; female, 94.5 cm TL, 300–500 m depths, 12.10.2010;
[20584] Chennai, southeast coast of India, male (adult), 91 cm TL, 2.2 kg whole body weight;
[25377] Andaman Sea, Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. With 4 young in a litter, born at 40-43 cm [20053]. An oceanic species usually found offshore and far from land but sometimes occurring inshore. Feeds on small pelagic bony fishes, squids and shrimps.

Size / Weight / Age
110 cm TL (male/unsexed; [531]); 110 cm TL (female)

Habitat
pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 590 m [1388], usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54740)

Remarks
5923